Institute for Global Enterprise in Indiana

WorldView - North America

North America is the northern continent of the Americas, situated in the Earth's northern hemisphere and in the western hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the North Pacific Ocean; South America lies to the southeast.

North America covers an area of about 9,540,000 square miles, about 4.8% of the planet's surface or about 16.5% of its land area. As of July 2008, its population was estimated at nearly 529 million people. It is the third-largest continent in area, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth in population after Asia, Africa, and Europe.

North American Countries

The United Nations geoscheme includes Mexico in Central America; conversely, the European Union excludes both Mexico and Belize from the area. Geopolitically however, Mexico is usually considered a part of the North American region. Because of this and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Mexico is included in our list of North American countries.

NAFTA is an agreement between Canada, Mexico and the United States to eliminate tariffs on goods traded between themselves. Although currently only a trade agreement, with no supranational bodies or laws as in the European Union, there have been various proposals to move towards a customs union or a North American currency union. It is unknown whether or not this may eventually develop into a North American Union similar to that of Europe.

USGA North American Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

Implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) began on January 1, 1994. This agreement will remove most barriers to trade and investment among the United States, Canada, and Mexico. more...

Livingston Importers/Exporters Resource Page

Livingston International is a leading North American provider of customs brokerage, transportation and integrated logistics services. Our services combine the expertise of highly specialized professionals with the advances of innovative technology and electronic networks. Website includes guides, articles and links for North American trade.