For Starters | Sub-topics | Dictionaries and Encyclopedias | Associations and Organizations | Other Internet Guides
History Article Databases
- History WWW Virtual Library
An amazing collection of links to history websites on every possible topic. The main selection pages lets you choose between a time period, country, historical topic or research related methods and materials. Each link takes you to a page with a clear hierarchical layout which is consistent from page to page. If you click on the United States, for example, it takes you directly to the WWW VL. A recommended starting point.
- World Civilization Virtual Library
History links and information chronologically organized by historical periods, from ancient times to modern. Includes links to ancient and recent documents, and college level study units. This site will help students and instructors or anyone interested in specific historical periods or in a good general survey of world history. Some study units are only available to Georgia College and State University Students.
- Repositories of Primary Sources
A listing of over 5000 websites describing holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical photographs, and other primary sources for the research scholar. Another source for primary documents is In the First Person.
- The History Journals Guide: The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
Among the major components of this virtual library of links are the following: The Periodicals Directory: The Periodicals Directory aims to be a starting point for historians and other interested persons, e.g. librarians, by providing up-to-date information about history journals. At the moment more than 2,300 serials are listed without chronological, geographical or topical limitations. The Bibliography of E-Articles: The aim of the bibliography is to provide links to the articles published in history e-journals. At the moment it covers more than 600 articles. The Discussion Lists Directory: The Discussion Lists Directory covers discussion lists worldwide dealing with history. At the moment you can find here more than 330 discussion or mailing lists. There are alphabetical, chronological, geographical and topical listings. The History Journals News: The electronic newsletter of the History Journals Guide reports on the updates of the History Journals Guide. It publishes also articles, announcements (e.g. calls for papers, new journals), comments etc. on all aspects of history journals.
Ancient History |
Medieval and Middle Ages |
Modern History |
United States |
Latin America and Mexico |
Europe and Russia |
Middle East |
Asia and Oceania |
World War I |
World War II
- Ancient Mesoamerican Civilizations
Subtitled Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, and Aztec, this site includes information about these ancient civilizations' writing systems, governments, and religions. There is also information about the Mayan calendar, Maya and Zapotec political organization, definitions, and related links.
- Perseus Digital Library
Digital library of resources for the study of the ancient world. Originally begun with coverage of the Archaic
and Classical Greek world, has now expanded to Latin text and tools, Renaissance materials, and Papyri. Contains hundreds of texts by the major ancient authors and lexica and morphological databases and catalog entries for over 2,800 vases, sculptures, coins, buildings, and sites, including over 13,000 photographs of such objects.
- ABZU: Guide to the Study of the Ancient Near East
An extensive index of resources for the ancient civilizations of the Near and Middle East, including Egypt, Sudan,
Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Judea, Lebanon, Cyprus, Syria, Turkey, Anatolia, Kurdistan, Assyria, Babylonia, Mesopotamia, Iraq, Iran, Persia, Armenia, the Indus Valley, the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, the Gulf States, and
the Red Sea. From the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.
- Collapse: Why do Civilizations Fall?
A site that explores the decline of four ancient civilizations: the Maya, the early civilization of Mesopotamia,
Chaco Canyon (the Anasazi of the Southwestern United States), and the Mali and Songhai of western Africa. The methods used by archeologists to understand why these particular civilizations collapsed are also presented. Links to related
Internet resources and citations of print sources are available. Another Annenberg Learner Online site.
- Daily Life in Ancient Civilizations
Provides basic information and links for the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, Rome, India, China, and the Pacific Northwest Coastal Indians, with an additional section on Early Man. The information is suitable for elementary students, and there are lesson plans and classroom activities for teachers.
- Diotima: Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World
According to Plato's "Symposium," Socrates learned about Eros from a woman named Diotima. The visitor to this site can learn about this and other topics related to the ancient world. The focus is on women and gender issues among Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and other ancient cultures. Although scholarly in nature, Diotima has much for the non-specialist: a systematic, searchable bibliography, and links to full-text articles, databases, and images, including an extensive collection of ancient coins.
- Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World
EHW is an original electronic project aiming at collecting, recording, documenting, presenting and promoting the historical data that testify to the presence of Hellenic culture throughout time and space. EHW includes entries that concern geographical-cultural areas lying beyond the borders of the Hellenic nation-state.
Medieval and Middle Ages
- Internet Medieval Sourcebook
A huge collection of full and excerpted texts in translation. These primary source documents have been collected and organized to be of use in the classroom.
- Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies
For medieval scholarship and research. From early music FAQs and The Digital Beowulf Project to classical literature in old Norse, there's a enormous array of links at this searchable site.
- NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources
Over 1,450 Web sites on the Middle Ages are categorized by subject (archaeology, architecture, art, Arthuriana, civilizations, culture, drama, history, literature, music, people, philosophy, religion, science and technology, and women). The Research Center links to archives and libraries, articles and papers, associations, organizations and societies, bibliographies, and conferences and seminars. Other points of interest are top medieval sites, news, and a hypertext glossary. Searchable by keyword or phrase.
- ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
ORB is produced by medieval scholars. Articles are peer-reviewed. In addition to the numerous original articles this site has teaching resources, graphics links, links to full text documents and to other online bibliographies as well as a layman's guide to Medieval popular culture and media.
- Medieval Europe
A plain text overview of this period of European history, including The Dark Ages, covering late antiquity; The Carolingian Era, providing information about the period under Charlemagne; The Tenth Century, with the role of the Moors and the Vikings; and The Development of the Papacy. Additionally, William the Conqueror contains a history of England; and there is a history of The First Crusade, Medieval Society, The Black Death, and the Avignonese Papacy. There are pronunciation sounds files for some words used (AU format). From Boise State University.
- Medieval Feminist Index (MFI)
Annotated index to journal articles, book reviews, and essays from books that covers women, sexuality, and gender issues during the Middle Ages. More than 300 journals are regularly examined. Currently (May 2001) there are 5000 records in the database for publications from 1994 through 1998 with 100 records being added every other month. Materials in English, French, German, and Spanish are currently being indexed with Italian to be added soon.
An online companion to Medieval Sources Online [fee-based system UEL does not subscribe to], this comprehensive guide is arranged by subject and links to other Medieval history material available on the Internet.
- Middle Ages
Portrays every day life in Medieval times and contains sections on feudal life, religion, homes, clothing, health, arts & entertainment, and town life. Each section has an essay with links to related sites. Several also offer an interactive quiz or activity. From Annenberg/CPB Projects Learner Online site.
- Early Modern Women Database
Covering c. 1500-1800, this database provides access to resources about women in Europe and the Americas. Content can be accessed through various indexes (title, subject, publication type, language, time period, geographic region) or by utilizing the search engine. EMW contents include bibliographic databases and full-text resources enhanced by images and sound recordings.
- Year by Year
This site describes historic events of the twentieth century by year and by decade. Brief decade quizzes are included. Extended features, linked on this page under Timelines, gather Millennial Milestones, World History: 1000 to 2000, American Music: 1640 to 2000, and Fashion: 1858-2000. Highlights are titled Best and Worst, Disasters, Entertainment, and Sports. The Year in Review describes the past calendar year. Searchable.
- National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Leads to Presidential Libraries for George Bush, Jimmy Carter, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Gerald R. Ford, Herbert Hoover, Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. Kennedy, Richard M. Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Harry S. Truman; Genealogy information; Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) information (including frequently requested
records in the Electronic Reading Room); and more.
- The American Civil War
This site provides links to detailed information on the web about various aspects of the American Civil War. Topics include: army life, art, battles, diaries and letters, Lincoln, slavery, and much more.
- AMDOCS: Documents for the Study of American History
This virtual library links to primary historical documents portraying the spectrum of American history. The 15th through the 21st centuries are covered via representative documents. Special focuses are supplied on the Civil War, Reconstruction and the Progressive Period, First World War, Interwar Period, Second World War, Cold War, Foreign Relations documents of the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations, and Vietnam. Over 400 documents are accessible here.
- United States Historical Census Data Browser, 1790-1970
The data here describe the people and economy of the United States for each state and county from 1790 to 1970. Data for this site originate in study number 0003, "Historical Demographic, Economic and Social Data: The United States, 1790-1970," from The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research. Data sources for the complete data set include US Decennial Censuses and sources such as the US Department of Agriculture, and the National Council of Churches of Christ of the United States.
- American Studies Web
A big site, with links to most things American, including but not limited to the following subject areas: American Studies, Community Studies, Diaspora, Colonialism and Post-Colonialism, Economy, Education, Environmental Studies and Nature, Folklore and Anthropological Studies, Frontier and Borderlands Studies, Government, Politics and Current Affairs, plus a WHOLE lot more.
Latin America and Mexico
Links to Web sites covering the history of Mexico - pre-Columbian, conquest and colonial period, nineteenth
century, and twentieth century.
- Mexico from Empire to Revolution
This two-part website from the Getty Research Institute is based on two current consecutive exhibitions on Mexico. It presents 19th Century photographs taken during the time of the failed French attempts to establish an Empire as well as photographs of daily life in Mexico. This site features photographs by Desire Charnay, Francois Aubert, Agustus Le Plongeon and more.
- Latin American Studies: World Wide Web Virtual Library: Latin American Network Information Center
This extensive and well-organized virtual library of links provides links on the following topics as they relate to Latin America: economics, education, government, humanities, Internet & computing, recreation, media, society & culture and much more.
- Political Database of the Americas
The database provides documentary and statistical political information on Latin America, including constitutions, electoral laws, legislative and executive branch information, and election data." Data are available country by country. The Latin American Political Database is the joint project between Georgetown University's Resource Unit on Democratic Governability at the Center for Latin American Studies, the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy of the Organization of American States (OAS), and the Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL). The Database is sponsored by the Tinker Foundation, the Organization for American States, the Canadian Foundation for the Americas, and Georgetown University.
Europe and Russia
Descriptive directory of links to Western European (mainly primary) historical documents. Selected transcriptions, facsimiles and translations. Ordered by country and chronologically within each. Also sections on Medieval and Renaissance Europe and Europe as a "Supernational" region.
- The History Guide
A guide to the study of European history "from ancient Sumer to the fall of Soviet-style communism in 1989." A Student's Guide to the Study of History discusses why it's studied, choosing a topic, reading, researching and writing about it, and more. Syllabi and related resources are available.
- European Integration History Index
"European Integration is here understood as the process of political, economic and cultural integration and co-operation between various European countries in the 20th century - mainly in the period after 1945. The development of the European communities after 1950 receives particular attention." A searchable or browsable collection of sites about the history of Europe, in all languages. Listings are annotated. A Virtual Library site from the European University Institute, Florence, Italy.
- Russian History Index
A WWW Virtual Library website.
- Encyclopedia of British History: 1700-1950
This site is an outstanding resource for anyone studying this period in British history. The encyclopedia currently contains over 2,000 entries and is being added to continuously. It is "an attempt to show the history of Britain through the eyes of people from all levels of society. Each entry includes narrative, illustrations, primary sources and bibliography." Produced by Spartacus, a publishing company formed by a group of teachers.
- 1001 Sites.com - the Arab Internet Directory
A project of Arab World Online, this site is more than a searchable index to information on the Arab world. It also contains excellent documented profiles on each country.
This searchable and browsable news site provides an Arabic viewpoint on events in the Middle East. News is presented by country or topic. Editions are published six days a week and are archived back to June, 1997.
- Encyclopaedia of the Orient
Subtitled The only encyclopaedia for North Africa and the Middle East , this is an excellent resource for anyone looking for background information about people, countries, and political or religious issues on this region of the world that is constantly in the news. Covers Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lybia, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Searchable.
- History in the News: Middle East history, society, and culture resources
A collection of briefly annotated resources about the Middle East . Browsable by topics that include history, religion, culture, economics, politics, maps, news, and media. Also available by country. Developed by the Department of History, State University of New York at Albany.
- Middle East Research and Information Project (MERIP)
MERIP is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that provides news and analysis about the contemporary Middle East. Its Web site offers many complete articles (since 1996) from MERIP's quarterly magazine, Middle East Report. Additionally, this site includes links to other related Web sites which focus on news and information, human rights, and activism in the Middle East . There is also a collection of sites about Jerusalem. The site also provides special background reports about issues like the U.S. - Iraq crisis. An excellent source of independent, current and varied information.
- Middle East Studies Internet Resources
Resources on this Web site include bibliographies; links to online catalogs of libraries with substantial Middle East holdings; resources by subject (water, food, literature, etc.); resources by region or country; free electronic journals and newspapers; maps, images, graphics; and much more. Site has a search engine with advanced features.
Asia and Oceania
- Harappa - Glimpses of South Asia before 1947
Old photographs, rare film footage, and text from before independence in India and Pakistan. Includes information on Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the story of the ancient Indus Valley. Harappa was a city in the Indus Valley civilization that flourished around 2,500 B.C.
- History of China
Searchable, with a timeline. Based on the U.S. Army Area Handbook on China (1994), with a lot of added content.
Square, 1989: The Declassified History
Useful collection of documents providing a U.S. perspective of the events surrounding the Chinese government's use of heavily armed military forces against student demonstrators at Tiananmen Square in 1989. From George Washington University's National Security Archive.
- Asian Studies : World Wide Web Virtual Library
World Wide Web Virtual Library: Asian Studies provides connections to internet sources of information about the countries of Asia and the Pacific.
- Australian Literature on the Internet
Done by the National Library of Australia, this guide contains links to "Major Sites, Reference Library, Organisations & Associations, Australian Publishing, Online Journals, Australian Studies Centres Overseas, and a section on Australian literature Resources at Australian Universities".
- Documenting a Democracy : Australia's Story
This site presents Australia's history through an archive of its historical documents. The photos of the original documents can be searched by place, theme, time, or image. Each document is accompanied by a physical description, background history and a note on its significance.
Home to the African Women's Bibliographic Database, DISA: Digital Imaging Project of South Africa, the Bibliography of Africana Periodical Literature Database and African Studies Abstracts Online. An excellent resource!
- The Story of Africa
"Tells the history of the continent from an African perspective, from the origins of humankind to the end of South African Apartheid." There are 14 sections covering each period in African history, as well as the people, their religions, and contact with the
rest of the world. "Each section has on average six chapters, as well as a timeline, reading list and a list of external links." There are many pictures and over 40 sound recordings. Online edition of the radio series from the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) World Service.
- Index on Africa
"Index on Africa is a gateway to information on Africa on the Internet, with over 2,000 links sorted by country, subject and news. It includes Africa Update, with daily news briefings from African news sources. The Index has been created by The Norwegian Council for Africa (NCA), as a part of NCA's efforts to raise awareness about Africa and African affairs...with financial support from the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs." The site is searchable and provides access to several Africa specific search engines and OneWorld, a partnership of over 200 organizations.
- African Studies: The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
"Columbia University's collection of African Studies Internet Resources is an on-going compilation of electronic bibliographic resources and research materials on Africa available on the global Internet, created under the purview of the African Studies Department of Columbia University Libraries. Electronic resources from Africa are organized by region and country. All materials are arranged to encourage an awareness of authorship, type of information, and subject. The scope of the collection is research-oriented, but it also provides access to other web sites with different or broader missions. Beginning in early 1999, the site became the "official" African Studies web site for the World Wide Web Virtual Library."
World War I
- An Unfortunate Region: Selected Links
This list of World War I Web pages includes both general resources and specific topics (battles, military units, personnel, societies, memorials, tanks, and more). Entries are briefly annotated with descriptive and, in some cases, evaluative comments.
- War Poster Collection
A collection of 78 posters from World War I and II. Searchable, and browsable by topic (American, British, Dutch and German, national security, Red Cross, war bonds, women in war, World War I, World War II). From the University of Washington Libraries, Digital Collections.
- The Great War
In remembrance of the 80th anniversary of the Armistice, the BBC has produced this remarkable Web site on World War One. Overviews are given on four battles -- Gallipoli, Verdun, the Somme, and Passchendaele -- with excerpts from letters and archive audio interviews from veterans recalling the horror and ironies of the "war to end all wars." In addition, there is a ten minute video showing film footage and photographs from the battlefields. Information on the Russian revolution, the war memorials, and the poets who died in the war are also provided. RealPlayer is required to view the multimedia segments.
- Versailles Treaty
- World War I Document Archive
Primary documents of WWI, most in English, have been assembled by volunteers of the World War I Military History List (WWI-L). Includes conventions, treaties, official papers, documents by year, personal reminiscences, and a biographical dictionary.
World War II
- Historic Government Publications from World War II: A Digital Library
Reproductions of several hundred government documents from World War II. From the Central University Libraries, Government Information and Map Resources Department at Southern Methodist University. Browsable by title and searchable.
- War Poster Collection
A collection of 78 posters from World War I and II. Searchable, and browsable by topic (American, British, Dutch and German, national security, Red Cross, war bonds, women in war, World War I, World War II). From the University of Washington Libraries, Digital
- War Relocation Authority Photographs of Japanese-American Evacuation and Resettlement
A searchable collection of over 7,000 photographs and 317 Kodachrome slides, documenting the internment of Japanese and Japanese Americans evacuated from California, Oregon, and Washington, by the War Relocation Authority (WRA) during World War II. The collection includes 691 photographs by Dorothea Lange. Part of the Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley, California Heritage Collection.
- Dr. Seuss Went to War
Subtitled A Catalog of Political Cartoons, this site provides a view of Theodor Geisel's work before he became famous as Dr. Seuss. From 1941-1943 he was the chief editorial cartoonist for the New York newspaper PM, where he drew over 400 political cartoons. They are arranged in chronological order, by year, month, and date. The 1999 title Dr. Seuss Goes to War by Richard H. Minear contains many, but not all, of these images. From the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California, San Diego.
- Enola Gay
The online exhibit of the history of the B-29 bomber that dropped the nuclear weapon on Hiroshima. There's material on the plane, the mission, B-29s generally, and links to other museums with B-29 information. From the Smithsonian's National Air & Space Museum. This is the exhibit as revised after opposition. See also the Air Force Association's Enola Gay site, that documents the debate from the veterans who opposed the original exhibit.
- The Good War and Those Who Refused to Fight It
Contains historical and biographical information on American conscientious objectors to World War II. Also has information on the general history of American pacifism and postwar contributions of the WW2 pacifists to civil rights, health care, and the arts. Online companion to a PBS television documentary.
- The Holocaust Chronicle
This site contains the full text of the book of the same name as well as a selection of the images, providing a detailed history of the atrocities committed by the German Nazis during World War II. A timeline of Jewish history begins in the Prologue with the Hebrews
moving to Egypt c. 1500 BCE, and ends in the Epilogue in mid-1999 with the Swiss banks settlement for the Holocaust survivors. Brief histories of anti-Semitism and fascism, a background of Germany leading up to the war, and more are provided. Browsable by chapter and page, indexed alphabetically, and searchable by date.
- Port Chicago Disaster
A history of the events of 1944, when a major explosion rocked the naval base at the mouth of the Sacramento River at Port Chicago, CA (now the Concord Naval Weapons Station). The working conditions, explosion, mutiny, court martial, and pardon of African-American servicemen involved are reviewed. There is also an exploration of the entrenched racism at this base. Additionally, related questions are provided for both teachers and students.
- Remembering Pearl Harbor
A richly detailed site that provides World War II and Pearl Harbor timelines; basic facts about the ships and planes that were involved in the attack; a searchable archive of survivor stories; and an emotionally charged multimedia presentation that provides photos, video footage, firsthand accounts, and moment by moment, target by target facts about the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
- The Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II
This is "an enterprise to record the personal experiences of the men and women who served on the home front and overseas. It is based on in-depth interviews of individuals who lived through World War II." This ongoing project has more than 200 oral history
interviews and is searchable by service unit as well as by interviewee. There is also a photo gallery and a list, with illustrations, of shoulder patches and badges of honor.
- U-boat Net - The U-boat War 1939-1945
This Web site will provide all the information you've ever wanted to know about the World War II German fleet of U-boats. There is information on each one of the 1,168 U-boats, profiles of 115 U-boat personnel, information about the missions they undertook, uniforms they wore, and decorations they got. Also has a lot of photos and other images, and even a featured commander of the week.
- World War II Primary Source Document Collection
The Primary Source Document Collection holds several complete books and several hundred individual documents, all original material relating to WWII. The Pearl Harbor Archives hold more than 5,000 pages of documents, exhibits, and testimonies surrounding the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
- Encyclopedia of the First World War
- USA 1840-1960
An eclectic and fascinating encyclopedia about the United States, from Great Britain. There are slave accounts, extensive information on the slavery system, events, people involved and more. Other topics covered include magazines and newspapers, artists and illustrators, photographers, cartoonists, writers, theater and cinema, scientists, and political figures. There is information about World War I, trade unions, McCarthyism, Roosevelt and the New Deal, and famous criminal cases. Additionally, there is information about the Civil Rights Movement, immigration, and women's suffrage. Much of the material is biographical in nature. Produced by Spartacus, a publishing company formed by a group of teachers.
Associations and Organizations
Other Internet Guides
- Best of History Web sites
This online directory of more than 700 of the best history-related Web sites. Categories include Pre-history, Early Modern Europe, Art History, Maps, etc. Each category supplies a five-star ranking of the top-rated Web sites based on "quality, usefulness and accuracy." Links include historical societies, search engines, online exhibits, multimedia sources and publisher sites (PBS, Library of Congress, etc.).
- Historical Text Archive
Comprehensive and eclectic directory of historical resources. Includes primary documents, related links, and electronic versions of print books, organized by geography / nations and topics.
- Newseum: Stories of the Century, 1900-2000
In 1999, "some 36,000 people cast ballots in Stories of the Century: The Nation Votes, sponsored by USA WEEKEND and the Newseum, the interactive museum of news." The site shows how stories rated with the public and with journalists, with timelines for
each, and how they rated with men and women. Includes film clips about some events.