UE Named a 2022-2023 College of Distinction
Posted: June 29, 2022
The University of Evansville has been recognized for its commitment to helping undergraduate students learn, grow, and succeed by Colleges of Distinction, a unique guide for college-bound students. UE has been named a 2022-2023 College of Distinction and an Indiana College of Distinction, and it also received recognition for a multitude of academic programs and campus departments.
Colleges of Distinction uses a selection process not only of in-depth research but also detailed interviews with the schools, accepting only those that adhere to the “Four Distinctions.” This includes criteria of engaged students, great teaching, vibrant community, and successful outcomes. Combined, these principles ensure that students have a fulfilling and individualized college experience both inside and outside the classroom.
“At our university, we are deeply committed to providing a well-rounded, transformative education that has a lasting impact on our students for years to come,” said Christopher M. Pietruszkiewicz, president of UE. “This recognition from Colleges of Distinction speaks to our mission and the individual experiences of each of our students.”
Aside from overall undergraduate recognitions, Colleges of Distinction also awards recognition in individual areas. UE earned recognition in the academic areas of business, education, engineering, and nursing. Colleges of Distinction also recognized the University’s career development, equity and inclusion, and military support.
“The success of our academic programs and campus departments speaks to the endless efforts of our staff, faculty, and administration,” said Michael Austin, PhD, provost and executive vice president of academic affairs. “We are proud to deliver high-quality courses for our students while also providing academic quality, personal support, and career counseling throughout their journey at this university.”
About Colleges of Distinction
Since 2000, Colleges of Distinction has been committed to honoring schools throughout the U.S. for true excellence in higher education. The member schools within the Colleges of Distinction consortium distinguish themselves through their dedicated focus on the undergraduate experience. Its website provides dynamic college profiles, customized tools, and resources for students, parents, and high school counselors. For more information, and to learn how to become a College of Distinction, visit CollegesofDistinction.com.
IndianaComputes! Awarded a $600,000 State Contract
Posted: March 25, 2020
The University of Southern Indiana and the University of Evansville are excited to announce that IndianaComputes!, a collaboration of universities across the state of Indiana has been awarded a state contract of more than $600,000 to accelerate and deepen computer science capacity in Indiana.
The contract identifies IndianaComputes! as one of only five organizations approved by the Indiana Department of Education to deliver computer science teacher training, and one of only two organizations approved to train educators across the entire K-12 grade range. USI and UE are teaming up to assist educators in Southwest Indiana, which includes Dubois, Gibson, Perry, Pike, Posey, Spencer, Warrick, and Vanderburgh counties.
The contract will fund services such as workshops, coursework, and resource development. To optimize teacher convenience, the services will be offered online as well as supported by more than a dozen collaborating universities and colleges located around the state. All services will be provided free of charge to Indiana educators. Training launches this coming summer and continues into next year. Three hours of graduate course credit through Indiana University is also available.
To find out more about the IndianaComputes! Program in southwest Indiana, please visit the webpage at www.indianacomputes.net.
For more information, contact:
Deborah Hwang, Director & Associate Professor of Computer Science at the University of Evansville: email@example.com
Scott Anderson, Program Coordinator of Computer Science at the University of Southern Indiana: firstname.lastname@example.org
UE Electrical Engineering Students Participated in the Indiana Autonomous Day 2020
Posted: March 6, 2020
A team of electrical engineers showcased their senior design, D.E.L.T.A. Scooter, at the annual Indiana Autonomous Day on Tuesday, March 3, 2020 in Odon, Indiana.
The team consists of seniors, Darren Reuter, Donnie Croxton, and Kevin Yeung. University of Evansville’s electrical engineering students presented their project through videos of the scooter in action impressing many attendees at the show.
The D.E.L.T.A. scooter is a semi-autonomous scooter designed to help people with disabilities.
The Indiana Autonomous Day 2020 showcases the future of autonomous technologies in displays, workshops and live demonstrations.
NATE and Tower Family Foundation Announce the 2020 Recipient of the Ernie Jones Memorial Civil Engineering Scholarship
Posted: February 24, 2020
University of Evansville Civil Engineering Scholarship is Funded Annually by NATE; Honors Jones’ Legacy as a Structural Engineer, Industry Icon
(Raleigh, North Carolina) - NATE: The Communications Infrastructure Contractors Association and Tower Family Foundation today jointly announced that Elijah Sullivan, a junior civil engineering student from Evansville, Indiana has been named as the 2020 recipient of the Ernie Jones Memorial Civil Engineering Scholarship at the University of Evansville in Evansville, Indiana. The official announcement was made at the NATE Awards & Sponsor Recognition Luncheon on Wednesday, February 19 during the annual NATE UNITE 2020 Conference in Raleigh, North Carolina.
Elijah is at the top of his class academically but especially excels in his major courses related to construction and UE’s structural analysis and design sequences. In addition to his civil engineering major, Elijah is now pursuing minors in both Mathematics and Engineering Management with an anticipated graduation date of May 2021. Ever curious about the way things work, Elijah has participated in the University of Evansville’s steel bridge project, and has been involved with the Aces Concrete Canoe team since his sophomore year. Most recently, he interned with the Indiana Department of Transportation's (INDOT) bridge inspection unit in the summer of 2019. For the summer of 2020, Elijah is actively seeking to obtain a structural design internship.
“Elijah is a dedicated student who demonstrates an eagerness to learn as much as possible about structural design and construction,” stated Dr. James Allen, Associate Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Evansville. “In my structural analysis and design classes I can always count on Elijah to ask insightful questions that lead to an increased understanding by not only himself, but also his classmates. He has a unique ability to frame his questions in a way that leads to deeper discussions of practical design and construction issues. We think this diligence and continuous pursuit for deeper understanding of the behavior of his designs embodies the spirit of Ernie Jones as the recipient of his named memorial scholarship,” added Dr. Allen.
Ernie Jones was a structural engineer who worked in the broadcast tower industry for 30 years. During his career, Mr. Jones served as a Professional Engineer and President of Consolidated Engineering, Inc. and as Vice-President of Structural Engineering at Electronics Research, Inc. Ernie was also a participating member of the TR-14.7 Committee of the Telecommunications Industry Association and Electronics Industry Association since 1986 where he assisted with writing and approving the ANSI-TIA/EIA 222 Standard which is the American National Standard for Steel Antenna Towers and Antenna Supporting Structures.
The Ernie Jones Memorial Civil Engineering Scholarship awards a $2,500 NATE-funded scholarship annually to a junior or senior level civil engineering student at the University of Evansville’s College of Engineering and Computer Science.
For more information on NATE, visit www.natehome.com. Visit www.towerfamilyfoundation.org to learn more about the Tower Family Foundation.
Annual Engineers Week Celebration and Awards
Posted: February 24, 2020
The College of Engineering and Computer Science held its annual celebration for Engineers Week at a reception in Eykamp Hall on February 19, 2020. Several engineering majors were announced as new inductees in the Tau Delta Kappa engineering honor society by Dr. Jared Fulcher, assistant professor of mechanical engineering. Other engineering students were recognized by the college and the Office of Development.
Linh Trinh, a junior computer engineering major received the Paul “PR” Brown Spirit Award. This award is presented annually to an engineering major who has been nominated by the faculty and has completed at least four semesters in good academic standing, who is an encouragement and help to his/her fellow students, and who demonstrates leadership in fostering cooperation and camaraderie among the engineering students.
Jesse Batronis, a junior mechanical engineering major received the James M. Hall, Jr. Memorial Award. This award is presented annually to a student of the junior engineering class who is considered by the faculty to be the most outstanding based on scholastic achievement, extra-curricular activities, character, responsibility, attitude, and potential for professional growth.
The Engineers Week Reception was hosted by the Dean’s Advisory Council for the College of Engineering and Computer Science. The College is appreciative of generous donations supporting the banquet by Lead Sponsor ALCOA and Table Sponsors, Control Specialists, Inc., Embry Automation & Controls, IEEE, Lochmueller Group, PCI Skanska, and the UE Student Government Association.
UE Offers Review Course for Fundamentals of Engineering Exam
Posted: September 27, 2019
The University of Evansville College of Engineering and Computer Science has announced 2019-20 dates for the annual review and preparation course for those planning to take the Fundamentals of Engineering Exam.
All classes will be held Thursday evenings beginning at 6:30 p.m. in the Koch Center for Engineering and Science on the UE campus. Classes are divided into relevance per discipline. Fees are adjusted accordingly.
- Candidates for civil engineering will attend from October 3 - January 23.
- Candidates for mechanical engineering and other disciplines will attend from October 3 - November 21.
- Electrical and computer engineering candidates will attend October 31-November 21.
Registration forms and payment must be returned by 4:00 p.m. on Thursday, October 3, 2019. Contact Kimberly Higgins at email@example.com or at 812-488-2651 for more information on registration. Early registration is encouraged as space as limited.
UE to Offer UExplore Engineering Program
Posted: September 26, 2019
The College of Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Evansville is offering a UExplore Engineering Program for high school students. The program is designed to give participants a better understanding of the fields of civil, mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering and computer science through activities, hands-on projects, and tours of local industry.
The sessions in the program are October 14, November 4, November 25, January 20, February 10, March 2, March 30, and April 20. All sessions will be from 6:00-7:15 p.m. in the Koch Center for Engineering and Science on UE’s campus.
James Allen, UE associate professor of mechanical and civil engineering, is the advisor for the program. A registered professional engineer in the states of Indiana and Ohio, Allen has extensive work experience in industry. Allen will be assisted with the program by UE engineering students.
The registration fee for the program is $50.
Register online or contact Kimberly Higgins for more information at 812-488-2661 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
UE Announces New Graduate Program in Engineering
Posted: April 5, 2019
The University of Evansville has announced plans to implement a new Masters of Engineering (M.Eng.) graduate program. Students will be able to enroll in the program beginning in the Fall of 2019. The professional degree program will offer three options: Master of Engineering - Electrical Engineering, Master of Engineering - Computer Engineering, and Master of Engineering - Computer Science. This 12-month graduate program is designed for those with a bachelor's degree in engineering who wish to gain advanced knowledge and experience in their field.
The program's one-year time frame is especially beneficial for undergraduate engineering students as they can extend their studies by one more year and obtain both a bachelor's and a M.Eng. degree.
"Earning a Master of Engineering degree enables students to begin their career at an advanced level," explained Ying Shang, UE dean of the College of Engineering and Computer Science. "Most engineers only have a bachelor's degree, so those who have a M.Eng. stand out in the job market and in their work place. In fact, the salary for an engineer with a M.Eng. degree is typically $20,000 higher than for an engineer who just has a bachelor's degree."
The curriculum of all three degree options in the program follow a similar format but differ in specific course requirements and content. Students take advanced courses in their engineering area option and in related fields.
Admission into the Master of Engineering degree program requires an undergraduate degree in electrical engineering, computer engineering, or computer science. The cost of the program is $525 per hour.
For more information, please contact Professor Dick Blandford at email@example.com.
Tony Richardson receives UE Exemplary Teacher Award
Posted: December 13, 2018
Tony Richardson, associate professor and director of the electrical engineering program at the University of Evansville, received the University’s Exemplary Teacher Award during UE’s winter commencement exercise on Thursday, December 13.
The Exemplary Teacher Award is given by the University to an exceptional member of the faculty in acknowledgment of his or her teaching excellence.
Richardson became a member of UE’s faculty in 2000. His specialty areas are digital signal processing and electronic communication. Richardson has developed courses in his discipline that are required by all of UE’s electrical engineering and computer engineering majors. He is highly sought after as a senior project advisor, and he understands the curriculum so well that he advises students with the most challenging schedules. Richardson is extremely popular among students and consistently scores near the top of his department in teaching evaluations.
Richardson earned his PhD in electrical engineering from Duke University, his MS in electrical engineering from Syracuse University, and his BS in electrical engineering from the University of Kentucky.
Senior Computer Engineering Students Present at MIT Conference
Posted: October 9, 2018
University of Evansville computer engineering students Braden Elliot and Kunal Mukherjee recently presented lightning talks about their senior projects at the The 2018 IEEE MIT Undergraduate Research Technology Conference (URTC) held October 5-7, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, MA.
Elliot presented "Player 1 Human, Player 2 Machine", a project about training a recurrent neural network through reinforced learning to optimize the output of a positional derivative controller. The network observes nonlinearity in the system which the controller is unable to account for, resulting in a smoother output.
Mukherjee's project "Location Dependent Cryptography" is an investigation into connecting the location of a receiver as part of a packet encryption method by computing a transmission specific key using the time difference of the intended packet reception time. The goal is to provide greater protection and security of intellectual property.
URTC brings together undergraduates around the world to present, discuss, and develop solutions to advance technology for humanity. Elliot and Mukherjee "had the opportunity to interact with undergraduate students and learn about the cutting edge as well as innovative research."
UE Ranked Number 7 Best College in the Midwest by U.S. News & World Report
Posted: September 10, 2018
The University of Evansville has been named seventh best college in the Midwest in U.S. News & World Report’s annual Best Colleges rankings. UE has risen two spots in this year’s overall ranking, and was again named as one of the top 10 value colleges in the Midwest.
The University was also recognized as one of the Most Innovative Schools in the Midwest for the first time. Top college officials from across the country made nominations for this list, selecting institutions known for making the most innovative improvements in curriculum, faculty, campus life, technology, or facilities.
In May 2018, UE was designated as a Changemaker Campus by Ashoka U for its role as a leader in social innovation and changemaking in higher education. UE is the first Changemaker Campus in Indiana.
The University was listed on several other U.S. News & World Report Best Colleges lists this year. UE’s Schroeder School of Business was named the number three best undergraduate business school in the nation among small private colleges, with its accounting and finance programs coming in at number one and number two respectively.
The College of Engineering and Computer Science was named the number 25 best undergraduate engineering school in the nation among small private colleges with no doctorate.
The University was also recognized as the number six Best College for Veterans in the Midwest and a Top Midwest School for International Students and remains a Top 10 Best Value college.
“To be recognized nationally on so many levels speaks volumes about the great programs, great people, and great qualities of this University,” said Shane Davidson, vice president for enrollment and marketing at UE. “We are especially proud of making the most innovative list—innovation and changemaking are at the heart of the UE experience.”
The U.S. News & World Report rankings are designed to help prospective students and their families evaluate college choices. The Best Colleges rankings are available online at www.usnews.com/colleges and will be published in U.S. News & World Report’s Best Colleges 2019 guidebook, on newsstands later this month.
UE Offers Review Course for Fundamentals of Engineering Exam
Posted: August 29, 2018
The University of Evansville College of Engineering and Computer Science has announced dates for the annual review and preparation course for those planning to take the Fundamentals of Engineering Exam.
All classes will be held Thursday evenings beginning at 6:30 p.m. in the Koch Center for Engineering and Science on the UE campus. Classes are divided into relevance per discipline. Fees are adjusted accordingly.
Candidates for civil engineering will attend from September 27-January 24.
Candidates for mechanical engineering and other disciplines will attend from September 27-November 15.
Electrical and computer engineering candidates will attend October 25-November 15.
Registration forms and payment must be returned by 4:00 p.m. on Wednesday, September 26. Contact Kimberly Higgins at firstname.lastname@example.org or at 812-488-2651 for more information on registration. Early registration is encouraged as space is limited.
Trockman receives top undergraduate prize in student research competition
Posted: August 28, 2018
Asher Trockman, an undergraduate in computer science at the University of Evansville, received this year’s top undergraduate prize in the Student Research Competition at the International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE) in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Trockman is a 2017 member of Carnegie Mellon's Research Experiences for Undergraduates in Software Engineering (REUSE) program,
The award, part of the ACM Student Research Competition (SRC) sponsored by Microsoft Research, affords undergraduate and graduate students a unique opportunity to present their original research before a panel of judges and experts. Winners of the competition are invited to participate in the ACM Student Research Competition Grand Finals.
The research was conducted while Trockman was a student in the REUSE program during the summer of 2017, along with Shurui Zhou, Christian Kästner, and Bogdan Vasilescu at the Institute for Software Research and the Socio-Technical Research Using Data Excavation Lab (STRUDEL). The resulting paper, "Adding Sparkle to Social Coding: An Empirical Study of Repository Badges in the npm Ecosystem", was published in the technical track at ICSE and was also presented as part of the ICSE Student Research Competition.
The research examined the reliability of GitHub repository badges for inferring various qualities of open source projects.
Fire Fighting Robot Team wins 1st and 3rd at international competition
Posted: April 11, 2018
The University of Evansville competed this past weekend, April 6-9, in the Firefighting Robot International Robot competition at Trinity College in Harford, CT.
Seventy teams from around the world including China, Israel, Indonesia, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania (to name a few) competed and were challenged to program a robot to navigate a model home in search of a fire, represented by a burning candle, and then extinguish the fire. The robot was required to watch out for walls, furniture, animals, and other obstacles.
Team Isaiah Frey and Jacob Stratman (both electrical engineering students) placed third with their robot “Spit Fire."
Frey and Stratman competed in the Versa Valve Challenge while at the competition. This challenge required a unique robot to complete two successful runs while using a Versa Valve. They placed first in their division.
UE Mourns the Passing of Dean of Engineering and Computer Science, Philip Gerhart, PhD, PE.
Posted: January 30, 2017
Philip Gerhart, PhD, PE, of Evansville passed away Friday, January 27, at Deaconess Hospital, at the age of 70. He was dean of engineering and computer science and professor of mechanical and civil engineering at the University of Evansville.
Philip was born August 5, 1946, in Kokomo, Indiana, the son of the late Otis Gerhart and Edith Gerhart Marquand.
He earned his BSME degree from Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in 1968 and his MS and PhD. degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1969 and 1971. Before becoming chair of mechanical and civil engineering at the University of Evansville, he was on the mechanical engineering faculty at the University of Akron from 1971 to 1984. He also served as interim vice president of academic affairs at UE from 2001-2002.
Gerhart taught a variety of courses in thermo-fluid sciences. He has consulted widely in the power generation and process industries and has authored or coauthored three books on fluid mechanics and fluid machinery.
Since 1975, he was deeply involved in the development of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Performance Test Codes. He served as ASME vice president for performance test codes, and was a member and vice-chair of the Committee on Fans, chair of the Committee on Fired Steam Generators, and a member of the Standing Committee on Performance Test Codes.
Gerhart was a Life Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. His honors and awards include the Outstanding Teacher Award from the Faculty Senate of the United Methodist Church, the ASME Dedicated Service Award, the ASME Performance Test Codes Gold Medal, ASME Student Section Outstanding Teacher, the Cummins Engine Co. Award, and Hemmingway Gold Medal from Rose-Hulman Institute.
He served in many volunteer leadership roles, including teacher and elder at Northwest Avenue Church of Christ in Tallmadge, Ohio, and Cullen Avenue/Crossroads Christian Church. Gerhart served in the Boy Scouts as scoutmaster, as well as a variety of other roles. He was elected to the Buffalo Trace Council Executive Board in 2005. Eighty-six scouts earned Eagle under his leadership. In 2001, he was awarded the Silver Beaver, recognizing exceptional character for distinguished service. He was an avid reader, and enjoyed spending time with his family and dogs.
He is survived by his beloved wife of 49 years, Mary Lou (Huffer) Gerhart of Evansville; daughter, Ann Bauer (John) of Florissant, Missouri; son, Andy Gerhart (Amy) of Farmington, Michigan; grandchildren, Bryan and Mark Bauer of Florissant, Isabelle, Eli, and Adrianna Gerhart of Farmington; brother-in-law, Dale Huffer (JoAnn); nieces, Suzi Huffer and Karen Roberson.
Funeral services will be held at 1:00 pm, Tuesday, January 31, at Crossroads Christian Church, located at 10800 Lincoln Avenue, Newburgh, Indiana. Pastor Jack Arney and Mark Whited will officiate. Burial will be in Burlington Cemetery, Burlington, Indiana.
Friends may visit from 4:00-8:00 p.m., Monday, January 30, at Boone Funeral Home East Chapel-A Family Tradition Funeral Home, located at 5330 Washington Avenue, Evansville, and again from 11:00 a.m. until time of service at 1:00 p.m., Tuesday at Crossroads Christian Church.
Memorial contributions may be made to University of Evansville College of Engineering and Computer Science in memory of Phil Gerhart, 1800 Lincoln Ave., Evansville, IN 47714.
Condolences may be made to the family online at boonefuneralhome.net.
University of Evansville to Launch Software Engineering Program in Fall 2017
Posted: October 31, 2016
The University of Evansville will launch a new software engineering program in Fall 2017. Software systems are at the core of the future economy, and software engineers are needed to build these systems.
Software engineers may develop many types of programs including operating systems, computer games, middleware, business applications, network control systems, and more.
“This is a cutting-edge degree, and software engineers are in high demand,” says Don Roberts, associate professor of computer science at UE. “You may immediately think of software engineers as designing apps—like Angry Birds—but they do much more, and the curriculum we’ve designed will prepare students for a wide range of career options.”
Software engineering is a branch of computer science that deals with the design, implementation, and maintenance of complex computer systems (very large programs that cannot be written by one person alone). Software engineering teaches students to work in teams and emphasizes design for reliability and maintenance.
Early, hands-on learning opportunities make the University of Evansville stand apart in many of its programs.
“Students will begin designing and building applications in their first semester,” says Roberts. “Students at other universities might not get the opportunity to work on real projects until their junior or senior years.”
The College of Engineering and Computer Science at UE was just named the number 22 best undergraduate engineering program among small private colleges by U.S News & World Report. The college also recently received a $1 million gift to purchase new equipment for engineering programs.
To learn more about software engineering at the University of Evansville, please contact the office of admission at 812-488-2468.
UE Team wins 1st Place at Site; Places 10th in ACM Mid-Central Regional Programming Contest
Posted: November 11, 2015
University of Evansville’s ACM Programming team of Guilherme Andrade, Evan Higgins, and Kane Catt placed first out of 24 teams at at the University of Louisville site of the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM) Mid-Central Regional Programming Contest, on Saturday, November 7th.
Teams at the Louisville site included University of Kentucky, University of Louisville, Centre College, Morehead State University, Marshall University, Georgetown College, Berea College, IU Southeast, Northern Kentucky University, and Eastern Kentucky University. Additionally, the team placed 10th overall in the entire region which consists of over 155 teams. They finished ahead of many larger schools including nearby rival, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology.
The ACM Mid-Central Regional Programming Contest consisted of nine questions, ranging from very easy to extremely difficult, that must be solved with computer programs within a five-hour time limit. The UE team, Andrade (junior), Catt (junior), and Higgins (sophomore) Computer Science students, solved seven out of the nine questions. The first place teams of the entire region solved eight out of the nine questions.
UE Team wins CCSC:MW Conference Student Programming Contest
Posted: October 8, 2015
The University of Evansville team of Kane Catt (CS junior), Evan Higgins (CS sophomore), and Guilherme Andrade (CS exchange student) won first place at the Consortium for Computing Sciences in Colleges (CCSC) Midwest Conference Student Programming Contest held Saturday, October 3, at UE.
The event included a total of 21 teams from around the Midwest region. The Evansville team solved 5 problems (out of a total of 8 problems) despite not submitting their first correct solution until almost 3 hours into the 4-hour contest. Second place went to Benedictine University who solved 4 problems, and third place went to Bradley University II who were the fastest to solve 3 problems.
EECS Students Conduct Summer Research
Posted: September 11, 2015
Two students in the Electrical Engineering & Computer Science department, Lily Mast and Daniel Vibbert, spent this summer working on research projects at other universities.
Lily Mast, a senior in the UE Computer Science program, participated in an REU this past summer at Oregon State University from June – August 2015. The project, “New Code Changes that Don’t Preserve Code Behavior”, had three parts. Lily participated in the third phase which modified the structure of the code that was currently being edited. This portion of the project is like auto-complete for code; at first it will predict the first few words of a “sentence”. Continuing the analogy, eventually the code will predict the entire sentence and paragraph. Lily is continuing the research through her senior year.
Daniel Vibbert, a UE Electrical Engineering senior, interned at the Institute of Space Defense Electronics (ISDE) at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, TN this past summer May – August, 2015. He was assigned one large project on radiation effects in the Software Defined Radio (SDR) front end. He tracked variables as the SDR was being radiated and presented his results to the research advisory board. Through his assignment he learned about SDR and the theory behind radio. Daniel designed an experiment to document the radiation effects on the radio.
Room 250, Koch Center for Science and Engineering